As home prices soar, housing affordability is sinking to the lowest levels since 2008 and first-time buyers - who haven't benefited from rising home values and are also coping with rising rents - are being squeezed out.
First-time buyers accounted for 27% of existing home sales in January, according to the National Association of Realtors, near 2014 levels. With mortgage rates above 4%, around the highest in about three years, and expected to rise further, buyers on tight budgets may struggle even more to find homes they can afford.
How long does it take to buy a house? A lot depends on how much time you spend shopping for one. But once you have a contract, it takes an average of 50 days to close on a house.
There are a lot of steps to buying a house, and any of them could drag out the timeline, especially if you're not prepared. Here's the home-buying timeline, broken down step-by-step, so you can be in control:
Time: 1-14 days
Dreaming about owning your own home is one thing; making it happen is another. To get beyond the dream stage, you need to do some critical research to help you figure out what you — along with how much can you afford.
It's mighty disappointing to fall in love with a house only to find out you can't afford it. A quick chat with your bank can help you avoid that heartbreak — it's called pre-qualifying. But it's no guarantee you'll get a mortgage (that comes later), only an indication of how much you can afford.
Time: 1-7 days
Finding an agent who suits you is key to the home buying process. They should be your most trusted adviser. Look for one with intimate knowledge of your desired community. If they know the inside scoop, they'll know a great deal (or a bum one) when they see it.
Time: 5-8 business days
Getting pre-approved for a loan signals you're a serious buyer. Most agents recommend you have a pre-approval in hand before you make an offer, and they can offer recommendations for lenders. But pre-approval goes deeper than pre-qualification. It needs a ton of documents from you. A couple of tips to help make this a speedier process:
Time: A few days to a few months
Here's where things really vary. There are so many variables. If you're set on a particular neighborhood where the inventory is low, it could take longer… or you could discover "the one" on day one. It all depends on what you're seeking and what's available. But the typical buyer actively searches for 10 to 12 weeks and looks at a median of 10 homes.
Time: 1-7 days
Work with your agent on price, contingencies, and other terms of the deal. A couple of tips to help make this step proceed smoothly:
Related: Tips for Making an Offer on a House
Time: A few days to 3 weeks
Getting pre-approved for a mortgage doesn't automatically mean you get a loan on the home you have under contract. The lender has a few other requirements once the home is chosen, such as an inspection and appraisal. And they'll want to see even more current copies of your financial documents.
From this point on, the steps to buying a house will often overlap, so you'll have several wheels in motion.
Time: 3-7 days to schedule; 2-3 hours to inspect
As soon as your contract is accepted, contact an inspector to get on their books. The inspection itself will only take two or three hours, but unfortunately, they're not quite Amazon. They seldom show up the next day.
However, they can get the report to you quickly. Many inspectors take pictures and fill out the report as they go, then send it to your inbox within hours of completion. But it can take up to a couple of days if they're backed up.
If the inspection turns up issues, it can cause some delays. This can range from a day or two to renegotiate, or longer if, for example, you have an FHA loan that requires certain safety standards. A home with peeling lead paint may need to be repainted, which can take weeks.
Time: Up to 5 days to schedule; a few hours to do the appraisal; up to 5 business days to get the report to the lender
The appraisal is key to getting a mortgage. If the home fails to appraise for the mortgage amount, you may have to put more down or renegotiate the contract. That's why you want to line up an appraiser as soon as you have a house under contract. And unlike the home inspection, this report goes to the lender instead of you and takes longer because the appraiser has to do additional research on what homes are selling for in the area.
Time: 1-3 business days for title check; 2 weeks for insurance policy
Your title company will perform the check, which means they'll look at deeds and other documents to make sure you will own the home free and clear of any liens or former claims to the property.
Time: Up to 2 weeks
Your insurance company may send someone out to assess the property for potential risks, which can take several days. And your mortgage lender may require other types of coverage, such as flood insurance.
Time: A few minutes to a few days
Find out from your agent whether you need to bring a cashier's or certified check or transfer funds digitally. Transfer the funds to the right account, and get your money ready to release.
Time: 1 hour, the day of or day before closing
This is your chance to make sure the sellers made any agreed-upon repairs and left the property in as good (or better!) condition than the last time you saw it.
Time: 50 days on average; 1-2 hours to actually sign the paperwork
Each step after you've got a contract on a home is part of the closing process. And that process — which includes getting the loan, inspection, appraisal, title, insurance, etc. — takes the average home buyer about six weeks.
When it's time for the main event, bring your photo ID, and stretch your hand muscles; you've got a lot of signing to do! But getting the keys? Takes hardly any time at all.
-Houselogic - June 2020